Democracy is a primitive way of forming a government. There are better ways now : Meritocracy being the most logical and practical
CHITRAL: In China, students caught cheating in college entrance exams are awarded seven years imprisonment. In Pakistan cheating in exams is considered a normal practice and even examiners are lenient on it. Some examiners even help cheating after getting gratification. So much for a conservative muslim society. Result is that we have high degrees but low knowledge and low moral base. In Pakistan, imprisonment should be announced for cheaters and death sentence for examiners helping in cheating. We shall prosper then onward, Insha Allah. .. CN report, 07 Aug 2020
.. by Raoof Hasan
“Without strong watchdog institutions, impunity becomes the very foundation upon which systems of corruption are built. And if impunity is not demolished, all efforts to bring an end to corruption are in vain.“ Rigoberta Menchú
Imagine a country
– where a parliamentarian would demand on the floor of the House that the services of fake degree and fake license-holder pilots should not be terminated;
– where a convict is allowed to travel abroad for medical treatment by merely signing a stamp paper of nondescript value;
– where the courts would repeatedly block the executive branch from performing its constitutional functions on one plea or the other, and where they routinely bail out alleged criminals to escape the investigation of the corruption they are accused of;
– where judges are caught taking dictations over the telephone; where fabrications, distortions, and downright lies adorn the screens for hours every evening without a check by the regulatory body;
– where key state institutions have been reduced to a cacophony of skeletons making a mockery of their very existence;
– where, instead of coming forth with evidence to nullify the allegations, a sitting judge of the apex court would take recourse to petty technicalities to save his skin, with other judges of the bench acting as accomplices; or where the guilty roam free and the innocent are caged.
– where state interests are compromised in lieu of advancing personal, profit-based relations; where political parties are run as family fiefdoms committed to ensuring state capture by a few to eternity;
– where merit is forfeited to enable family members and associates to occupy key positions in the government;
– where democracy is only apparel deceitfully used to hide cruel and despotic indulgences;
– where a sitting Prime Minister would help an alleged criminal escape the law in his official plane;
– where members of a former ruling family, duly declared absconders, unashamedly keep claiming their innocence;
– where the entire executive and judicial organs of the state are helpless before the marauding inroads that a property tycoon made by “putting wheels to his files” and getting away with plundering the holdings of the poor;
– where proven criminals step out of courts with beaming smiles and victory signs; where politicians operate as mafias and businesses as cartels; where bureaucrats are criminally politicised, judiciary has become a vehicle for providing relief to criminals and state institutions are used to perpetuate defilement of the constitution, rules and procedures.
Imagine a country where the word of God is hostage in the hands of a fleet of obscurantist merchants of religion.
And, worst of all, imagine a country where all this is done without remorse, without shame. That country is your country. That country is my country. That country, unfortunately, is Pakistan.
It is not what Pakistan was conceived for becoming, or how its founding fathers would have imagined it would evolve into. But, that is what it has become, and a large number of people may yet be convinced that it is the right thing to have happened.
It is as if we are numb to a million wrongs that afflict this country. It is as if we are blind to felonies, constantly driven by getting our needs fulfilled irrespective of the methods employed or the instruments used. All which is self-interest-driven of the powerful is construed as fair. However, if the same is done by ordinary people, we are quick to become moral vigilante brigades and raise accusatory fingers in their direction. In other words, we accentuate the malady that doing a thing the wrong way is the exclusive right of the beneficiary elite.
This is how deep the malaise has penetrated through layers and layers of the societal fabric with no hope in hell that it may, at some point in time, be reversible. In fact, with every passing day, this thought process is digging its tentacles deeper with the whole society standing on the sidelines watching in total and criminal silence. It is not a few odd people who have gone astray. By deliberately exercising our ‘right’ to stay silent, we have all become accomplices in this crime spree.
Look at our institutions. Look at the judiciary and the way it is conducting itself, letting criminals simply walk away; or the NAB with virtually no convictions to show by way of performance; or the financial institutions failing miserably in expanding the taxpayers’ base and trying to extricate more from the ones who are already captive in their hands; or regulatory bodies facilitating non-conforming organisations in expanding their illicit networks. These are symptoms of an inherently dishonest and diseased system which works by criminalising all annals of governance.
The state institutions have become impediments in the way of every possible effort to clean up things with the judiciary repeatedly obstructing the executive branch of the state by exercising its right of issuing intrusive injunctions, thus stalling all potential corrective measures. The adjudication in favor of the sugar mafia is only the latest example of this morbid penchant. Then there are a large number of hirelings employed by the previous governments who are still positioned in various institutions to continue the spree of malpractices of the past and block the path of reform in every possible way.
The extent to which this system has been bludgeoned by the corrupt beneficiary elite, it no longer remains fit to run the country. It is a piece of stinking rubbish that does not even deserve a bin to be thrown into. It has lost its relevance in the context of the challenges which have emerged as a consequence of how it has been manipulated through decades for the sake of raising illicit empires on the carcasses of the poor and the impoverished communities.
It has been distorted beyond recognition, beyond reform. Irrespective of a number of negative perceptions that prevail currently, some real and some fictional, this system has to be replaced by something more suited to the needs of the society which is intrinsically exploitative in nature, and where the rights of the weaker segments have to be ensured by the state beyond any prospect of exploitation by the gangs of crony beneficiary elite.
This system is to be so designed that, and I quote Angel Gurria here, “integrity, transparency and the fight against corruption should be part of the culture. They have to be taught as fundamental values”. Alongside that, there should be strict enforcement mechanisms to implement conformance to these basic strictures and tenets. It is then that we would begin to erect the edifice of a fair, just, and equitable state to ensure that the welfare, safety, and security of its people, particularly its marginalized communities, is not left at the mercy and discretion of the crony beneficiary elite.
This decrepit system is sinking in the poisonous juices of its own making. It is now for the people to do the rest. They are the guardians of the state and they must make a move to transform it into a beneficent and welfare outfit where all are treated equally and where the exploitative instruments are driven out of the realm of governance.
Let us see the people rising to the call of their conscience. They should perform the last rites of this rotten system. Otherwise, it is them and the deluge which advances their way!
The writer is a political analyst and the Executive Director of the Regional Peace Institute. He can be reached at: email@example.com; Twitter: @RaoofHasan.
CHITRAL: Among the many ills that ail our country, is the absence of an efficient and fair judicial system. Instances of legal cases being dragged on for generations are not rare in Pakistan. It appears that no government since independence has paid heed towards the improvement of our judicial system. Jokes, puns and sarcasm abound regarding the weakness of the justice system in Pakistan.
Whereas there may be many suggestions regarding improvement of the judicial system, one suggestion if implemented would not only turn around the deliverance of justice in Pakistan but would also reduce the load on the courts which are full of ‘no go’ cases being filed by every Tom Dick and Harry, and many on the instigation and prodding of lawyers, who have nothing to loose trying their shenaniganism, in the current system.
As per the new suggestion any lawyer who files a frivolous case on behalf of a party and looses the case, the lawyer along with the case filer party should be punished severely. If this law is implemented there would be 80 percent less cases in the courts and those who file a petition need to be pretty sure and confident about what they are doing. At present there is a heavy load of non-serious cases in the courts. The example of the illiterate Sikh judge is a gleaming road for our Judges. .. CN report, 24 July 2020
Chitral — As Eid ul Azha? or Eid e Qurban (festival of sacrifice) draws near, thousands and thousands of sheep, goats, cows, bulls, camels etc are being bought by Muslims for the purpose of slaughtering them on Eid day in accordance with the obligatory ritual for all muslims who can afford to buy the animal for the purpose.
There are two ways of performing the ritual, first, each earning person slaughters a smaller animal like a goat or sheep or a number of people pool in and sacrifice a bigger animal like a cow, bull, buffalo or camel. The later appears a more practical and viable option in present day scenario.
Every locality should contribute to buy a large bull or camel and feed it for a month collectively and sacrifice it on Eid day. This way the ritual obligation would be fulfilled, while less animals would be slaughtered. As Muslims, we are obliged to perform rituals which are mandatory but doing so in a more practical and permissible manner is what needs to be looked into and encouraged. — CN viewpoint, 03 Sep 2016.
.. by Mir Wazir Khan
Khalil Gibran Khalil (for Muslim) and Kahlil Gibran Kahlil (for Christian) is perhaps the most widely read author of the early 20th century.? Gibran was born on January 6, 1883 in the village of Bsharri in Mount Lebanon in a Maronite Christian family. Gibran attained universal fame at a relatively young age through his artistic, philosophical and literary works which few have achieved in history.
Gibran was an artist, mystic, author and poet-philosopher acclaimed and applauded in all continents of the world and by people of all major faiths and races. He was an ecumenical poet and philosopher who believed in the universality of humanity and vehemently taught love, compassion and cooperation among humanity.? Gibran lived in an age when the Arab world in the greater Middle East was in disarray. The Ottoman Empire ruled over different Arab countries of the Middle East and North Africa as provinces of the Ottoman Empire.? A wave of Arab nationalism and a desire for liberation from the Ottoman rule was brewing in different strata of Arab societies. Gibran considered Syria as the centre of the Arab world and the surrounding regions and countries as part of greater Syria. Philosophers and writers such as Gibran were in the forefront to foment tempo of nationalism and the desire for freedom in the Arab world through their thoughts and writings.
Gibran was a universal non-partisan and non-denominational figure of his times recognized and revered by people of all faiths and denominations. Muslims considered Gibran as Muslim while Christian believed him to be a Christian. Gibran was much impressed from Islam and particularly its mystic strand. He had great reverence for the?? Prophet of Islam and referred to him in his writings as al-Mustafa. The aim of Gibran had been to unite all Arabs irrespective of their religious affiliation for the freedom of the Arab world and for the establishment of better and progressive societies.
Gibran immigrated to the United States in 1895 along with his family. The purpose of his emigration was to pursue his artistic and literary pursuits in an environment of freedom and liberty. It was almost impossible for Gibran to write and publish books and articles in Lebanon in the same way as he did in the United States. Gibran spent most of his time rotating between Boston and New York. To quench his thirst for arts, he travelled to the leading cities of the Western world including Paris and Rome. Gibran produced around 700 artistic works on different themes and subjects including Nature, Love, Life and Eternity. However, Gibran got lasting fame through his thoughts and writing which emphasized on oneness and universality of humanity. His writings were highly appealing to readers from different backgrounds.
Gibran?s stay in the United States really provided him enabling environment to pursue his artistic and literary passions. In addition to the 700 works of art, Gibran also wrote several books of lasting fame. The Prophet is considered to be his master piece work which was first published in the United Stated in 1923. The Prophet is believed to be the best- selling book of all times which has been translated into more than 100 languages. ?The Garden of the Prophet, The Madman, The Broken Wings and Sand and Foam are some of his other writings. Gibran believed in the ever-lasting nature of the soul. He developed sickness and his ailment gradually deteriorated. Physical weakness and other bodily symptoms alerted Gibran to the fallibility of human life. ?Therefore, some months before his dead he expressed to his close friends his desire that the epitaph he wished to be written at his tomb should read as follows:
?I am alive, like you. And I now stand beside you. Close your eyes and look around and you will see me in front of you?.
Gibran breathed his last in New York in a calm and peaceful condition on April 10, 1931 at the age of 48. A magnificent mausoleum was established in his native village of Bsharri and his suggested words were engraved at the gate of the mausoleum. Many countries recognized and remembered Gibran and his literary, philosophical and artistic services to humanity by erecting monuments and statues in his honor. Gibran lived at 14 Avenue du Maine in Paris from 1908 to 1910. The French government erected a plague there in his memory which is significant for any Third World personality. The United States, Brazil, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Chile, Morocco, Romania, Venezuela and Lebanon honored his memory through establishment of gardens, libraries, statues, busts and roads. Here again, the Muslim and Arab world lagged behind in commemorating the great Arab and Middle Eastern figure sufficiently and appropriately as he deserved.
Gibran wrote on many themes and topics of importance of his times which are also relevant to our times and well into the future. He wrote about ethics and morals, universal love and peace with all or sulh-e-kul and spiritual and societal awakenings. His aim in his writings and art-works mostly remained his desire to remind humanity that humans are the noblest creation of God on Earth and a microcosm on the face of visible macrocosm. He always strived, through his writings, to awaken the nobility, elites and peoples in positions of leadership towards betterment of their societies and polities so that people at large can live their lives in peace, dignity and sufficiency. Below is a paragraph taken from his book ?The Garden of Prophet? in which he pities a nation or society which has chronic and fundamental flaws in their thinking, attitudes and behaviors and which are likely to ruin the nation or society:
?My friends and road-fellows pity the nation that is full of beliefs and empty of religion.
Pity the nation that does not discern nobility from villainy
Pity the nation that wears a cloth it does not weave, eats a bread it does not harvest and drinks a wine?? that flows not from its own wine-press.
Pity the nation that acclaim a bully as hero, and that deems the glittering conqueror as bountiful.
Pity the nation that despises a passion in his dreams, yet submits in its awakening.
Pity the nation that raises not its voice save when it walks in a funeral, boast not except among its ruins, and will rebel not save when his neck is laid between the sword and the block.
Pity the nation whose statesman is a fox, whose philosopher is a juggler, and whose art is the art of patching and mimicking.
Pity the nation that welcomes its new ruler with trumpeting, and farewells him with hooting, only to welcome another with trumpeting again.
Pity the nation whose sages are dumb with years and whose strongmen are yet in the cradle.
Pity the nation divided into fragments, each fragment deeming itself a nation.?
The above quotes from Gibran and the vices and weaknesses it portraits, to a greater extent, depicts shortcomings in which our society or societies are immersed and engulfed. We mostly respect those who wields and project power. In our social relations we struggle to be connected, at all cost, with those who are powerful and resourceful. We love dominant professions. ?Key and essential professions of teachers, preachers, nurses, engineers, technicians, craftsmen and such others who make the society run are seldom liked. Accumulation of wealth and upward mobility in society, by all means, are the only determinants of one?s success in life. Truth and falsehood and right and wrong are all relative and societies are built on Relativism. Gibran rightly considered the above vices and short-comings in societies, particularly among elites and dominant classes of the societies, as dangerous portents for the progress of nations. Contemporary societies and particularly societies in Muslim-majority countries are still rampant with the moral and ethical flaws which Khalil Gibran decried a century ago. The existence of these defects are dangerous, but the most dangerous aspect of the matter is that a century after ?Gibran, these vices or defects are not considered as vices or defects but rather these are taken to be an integral part of life, social organization, social status, social mobility and for attainment of ?power fame and reputation. .. Mir Wazir Khan, Awi, Chitral 10 Apr 2020 (April 10, Death Anniversary of Khalil Gibran Khalil)
.. by Prof. R.K Baig
The media all over the world has become over enthusiastic on the possible agreement between the US and the Taliban militants who were once ? not very long ago but only 19 years back- arch enemies and ?the US had put scores of Taliban in the Guinta Namu torcher cells and used all imaginable ? Chhatrol? as known in the Police stations of Pakistan. That heart rending phase of Taliban US antagonism had opened the eyes of? the nations of the world who spoke in soft tones against it but could not openly ?shout ? merg on Bush, merg on US?? or ?their victimizers on the ground that all other nations are weaker and devoid of the sense of spirit to speak openly against the United States of America.
The USA has a dark history of cruel victimization of weaker nations and communities all over the world. We remember the Vietnam war where she fought for no just cause and was defeated badly in the 70s and had another bad record of entering Korean peninsula and received? strong resistance. Then it joined the Afghan Muj ahideen as surrogate father ? the war lords and supplied weapons worth trillion to force to retreat the Russian forces by recruiting Osama and likeminded butchers and trained them in the use of deadly sophisticated weapons but soon after? the retreat of the Soviet troops it forgot to control the veterans of the war and left them to operate freely leading to the rise of Mulla Umar with thousands of fighters behind Osama. This led to a sudden rush of fury against that Arab rascal who had been befooled? against Russia instead of fighting Israeli ?bastards who butchered poor Palestinians next to the door of Osama?s house but he ignored that front. ?Had Osama been a true Muslim he would have fought against Israilis ?just on the borders of Saudia but he was hoodwinked and sent to Afghanistan against Communism.
America is a rogue nation with wicked Presidents whose characters have generally been unreliable. They have perpetrated multitudes of atrocities against poor nations and communities. This nation has to be excommunicated and its citizens? who elect the bastard presidents are equally responsible for the atrocities hence they are accomplices, have? perpetrated countless cruel acts ?all over the world. ?Russia , China, France and Germany must bridle this rascal nation by imposing some strict measures and compel it to desist from the misdeeds that have been seen all over the world.
The Taliban-US agreement is just nothing of any credit, a futile step which has no value in the light of the pacts ?which were reached in Germany, Makkah etc. The Taliban in this way want to reduce the present number of US troops and weaken the Kabul regime and then occupy the Afghan homeland in the long run but it is not that much easy. The US has lost after a long illegal, immoral and stupid effort? but this is a Machiavellian government and a shame proof community that learns nothing after repeated defeats and failures but needs to sell her weapons to petrodollar rich fools of the middle east- a race that is too foolish to be taught a lesson or learn a lesson from the failures inflicted upon them by a small rogue nation who keeps deadly nukes. In the present case the Taliban have ?won a petty victory over the US ?and another civil war is imminent ? another headache for Pakistan as the Ashraf Ghani regime has been ignored i.e. rejected and the tug-of-war between Ghani and Abdullah will soon be ignited by those elements who had been waiting for such a great moment and they have already strengthened their resistance ?and defense ?positions ?to beat any of the rival ethnic groups. In this bail out package ?begged from the Taliban the US has decided to withdraw as Soviet Union did but what followed? is not yet forgotten. The Ashraf Ghani regime has been set aside in this deal and Abdullah is also nowhere.
This flight from Kabul is bound to bring back fanatic Taliban, ethnic Taliban, Daghish militants, India and many other secret stake holders like drug Lords, cartels, mafias and smaller mischief mongers ?who don?t have the mood to share power with any of the ex enemies. All this changed scenario is a path ?to a greater and unending , much more dangerous? kind ?of civil war in which every War Lord will try his luck and another greater mess is on the horizon. Pakistan must be ready to receive another batch of refugees between 4 and 5 million asylum seekers? but they must be marshaled on the appearance of the first refugee ?and kept in refugee camps directly under UNHCR umbrella and control of Pak Army ?and not be allowed to move out of the camps, but be fed and clothed by UNHCR only and not allowed to enter local business. Such new exodus be kept in detention- camp like situations? because of their bad performance and activities in the past and ?there must be :
- No free movement for them out of the camps
- No business be allowed to them
- No purchase of property be
- Drug? trafficking be ?strictly controlled and death punishment be awarded like that in Saudi Arabia.
- No marriages with locals be allowed.
- All must be injected anti fertilization doses to stop them from procreation inside Pakistan border.
- We must not rejoice over this deal but be over alert against the threats that loom on the horizon.
- What we have seen in the previous decades must be recalled if anyone has forgotten and deal with the coming grim situation with iron hands.
- Their former Pakistani business partners in all the departments/ businesses be surveyed, enlisted and put in the E.C.L. list. This US- Taliban deal is a great threat to our dwindling economy / Tourism vision. .. Prof. Rahmat Karim Baig, Chitral 02 Mar 2020
.. by Prof R.K Baig
In the following lines I dare to bring to the notice of the Chitralis as well as outsiders who come here? as tourists and go to various destinations with friends or all alone or with a guide who is neither a trained one nor knows enough about the geography of these two districts. Pakistani tourists take it for granted as Chitral is a good and safe place to visit and meet the people freely, enter every village without? hesitation and I have seen some tourists with my own eyes eating fruit without asking the owner? which is a very bad practice and disliked by locals. The tourists should travel properly- learn etiquettes of traveling, a bit of pre knowledge of the culture of the valley concerned such as Kalash valleys, Yarkhun valley, Torkho valley in particular. Help and guidance could be sought from locals but intervention or encroachments cannot be condoned. There are shingle roads to all the valleys and are in very poor repair so the tourist must come with a bundle of info about the valley where he intends to travel. Take photographs of beautiful scenery if any but never try to take picture of females be it an old lady or? half idiot. Never try to take photo? offering money. Get enough info about the route, its bad or good aspects and carry the necessary kits.
Recently I have heard a tourist from one of the districts across Lowari pass? who is now on facebook as Arshad Ali and he has started sharing photos of various places of Chitral including some of the peaks which he uploads as authentic and has also the audacity to give name of the peaks. For example he posted a photo of a peak but does not know the name of that particular peak but he has remembered the names of Terich Mir, Nowshaq, Booni Zom etc. and writes under the photo as Booni Zom but it is not that particular peak or writes Nowshaq where he has never gone but under another photo he writes this peak is Nowshaq. All this is a great blunder and this type of disinformation and baseless claims must be avoided. It is a very sensitive time and age of science because of the high technology which is available everywhere and this kind of exchange of wrong info must not be posted without proper investigation. Please don?t spread wrong information about the geography of Chitral and post only the really true photo. Never try to misguide potential tourists. Abide by the ethics of traveling and stick to your itinerary. Don?t violate the rules of standard tourism, follow the rules or learn the rules first and then take to the route. Be a responsible tourist; don?t spread garbage here and there; Take your garbage with you and dispose it of according to the rules of eco tourism. It is a sensitive human activity and should not be abused by untrained, uncultured and irresponsible wanderers. Be a responsible tourist and earn? a credit of good tourist instead of making mess for others especially for your own community to which you belong. Thanks .. Prof. Rahmat Karim Baig, Chitral 11 Nov 2019
?.. by Dr Shahzad Latif
The writer of this article has been writing for the past couple of years that Pakistan unfortunately soon will be facing a phenomenon of stagflation; economic stagnation (slowness) thus joblessness and very high prices!
Pakistanis are now facing two-faced sword; high prices and joblessness.
Unless we take some drastic steps, inflation will go out of hand and Pakistan will lag behind economically.
High inflation will force businesses to increase wages thus resulting in a further increase in prices! Additionally, the cost of production inputs will increase thus render our exportables even more uncompetitive. This will result in further job loss.
Poverty is very high in Pakistan. Poor are getting poorer. In Pakistan average annual income is U$1516?per person, which is one of the lowest in the area. They cannot afford the basic necessities for survival.
There is an estimated Rs.250 billion worth of charity given every year. Yet this charity has not made any dent in poverty in Pakistan. This responsibility lies on the shoulders of the state to ensure no one sleeps hungry and all the basic needs of the poor are met.
Drastic steps must be taken to eradicate this problem of poverty.
What we need is; a quasi-socialist economic system with the agricultural revolution.
Pakistan is supposed to be an agrarian country yet we import food items like vegetables, fruits, lentils, edible oils, and even cotton!
Our main focus must be agriculture, dairy, cow-sheep-goat farming, poultry farming, and fish farming.
We must quantify as accurately as the possible annual consumption of each and every consumable product and produce beyond needs with proper guidance to farmers.
All agriculture products must be bought by the government at a set rate from farmers directly and sold straight to consumers through?properly managed?utility stores, cutting out all the middle-men and hoarders to ensure availability to consumers at lowest prices possible.
Balance of the produce should be sold to value-adding agro-products manufacturing businesses to help create jobs.
This will ensure farmers maximize their production and receive good prices for their produce.
Agricultural universities must be required to do a better job and come up with innovative ideas through research such as the development of better seeds to enhance production per acre. Also, strategize where to produce what to maximize production. Other agro-products we import must be produced domestically. This is to have better control over prices and the least use of the foreign exchange.
These universities need to bring education to agriculture thus up bring a new generation of educated farmers.
In this time of scarcity of water, it is imperative to use modern ways to irrigate. The drip water system must be implemented to reduce water usage by more than 75%. Thus water will be available to irrigate more land.
Rivers and canals must be connected to have a better irrigation system, save water and start boat transportation. This will also supply water to areas where it is not available.
Higher production of fertilizer must be encouraged to ensure availability at reasonable prices.
Cartel hold on sugar industry must be removed to decrease and regulate price. The government should buy the whole sugarcane crop at the right price and then supply to the sugar industry. Then buy back the sugar at a set reasonable price to supply directly to the public.
Meat is one of the most expensive food in Pakistan. Public consume a very low quantity of meat and fish because of the high cost.
Pakistan is the fourth largest producer of milk, yet we consume water mixed milk, even God sake chemically made milk.
Capacity-building efforts must be made to enhance the production of meat of all kinds and milk to reduce prices domestically and enhance export of value-added products.
Agriculture must be controlled by the government to maximize production by research, employing efficient means, cold storages, proper pricing and supply to consumers and sales to agro-products? manufacturers.
This special focus on agriculture will have multiple benefits along with controlled prices for basics like onion, tomatoes, lemon, lentils, meats, etc., better lives for farmers, earning of foreign exchange, job creation and a reduction of migration to urban areas.
Additionally, we need to adopt inward-looking policies.
We must produce all possible importables such as; high brand women?s make-up, chemicals, cars, motorcycles, mobiles, etc. domestically in Pakistan. All big name brands and manufacturers of items most imported should be invited on very attractive terms to set-up manufacturing in Pakistan.
This way we can reduce imports, save foreign exchange as well as create jobs within Pakistan.
We should encourage to establish businesses in both public-private and 100% private sectors. Business establishment process must be made easy.
We must help establish small businesses especially industry based. Because in any country small businesses help create the most jobs. De-regulation must be done as much possible.
In Pakistan, inflation in most part is supply-side driven rather than demand-side driven. State Bank must be discouraged to increase interest rates to such a high level. Increasing interest rates slows down the job-creating activity. Also increases the cost of doing business.
Exports must be enhanced by reducing the cost of manufacturing inputs, thus making exportables very competitive in the world market.
Indirect taxing must be eliminated as much as possible, like on mobile phone cards, etc.
The actual cost of petrol, diesel, gas, and electricity must be made public. No taxes should be added on these by the government. These must be supplied to the public at true cost.
This will have inflation controlling and economic development effect.
Direct taxes must be ensured to be collected from the whole population at a very low rate. There must not be a choice that one can be a non-filler.
Reduced government with no layers as per proposed structure by the writer (See:?NIZAM.pk) will deliver better service. Instead of blaming each other for lack of water, cleanliness, schools, etc. there must be only one government layer that would be responsible and answerable. This will also reduce government expenditures by a great deal.
This quasi-socialist agenda must be confined to agriculture and production inputs.
The current economic system and political structure have not provided the very basic necessities of the public. This has resulted in a much greater number of have-nots.
We must make concrete structural changes to ensure Pakistan is put on the right economic and social development path. .. by Dr. Shahzad Latif, (Political Economist & Reformist), 15 Jun 2019
Chitral: Emotional instability and nervous frailty is a latent weakness in Pakistanis as a nation, and it shows up so many times on so many occasions now and then. Whether it be a cricket match when people loose their cool on watching the game on TV, Jump into rapturous joy when the batsman hits a sixer and the next moment shower him with abuses when he gets out on the next ball.
Similarly when faced with tough times of sorts Pakistanis loose their cool and start behaving erratically. In the current month of fasting when blood sugar levels are low in the day there have been cases reported of a man murdering his brother over a trivial argument while sitting in Etikaf. Similarly there have been reported murder cases during Ramazan when the murderer was fasting. It has nothing to do with religion. All it has to do with is the weak nerves leading to loss of control over emotions due to reduced sugar levels.
The reason for overall weakness of nerves and emotional instability is most related to the overall poor standard of nutrition provided to the people. Adulterated and poor quality foodstuff? have replaced nutritious food and coupled with smoking cigarette and using naswar etc have contributed to weaken the nervous system.
A national study should be conducted by psychologists and nutritionists on the exact causes of the weak emotional health of the nation and suggest measures to address the problem .. CN report, 02 Jun 2019