Eid Mubarak and happy holidays to all our readers


Five Kalash girls, boys become Muslims

Chitral — Three girls and two boys belonging to the Kalash faith residing in Rumbur Kalash valley have converted to Islam. The three girls belong to the same family and all the convertees are supposed to be well off placed  amongst the Kalash community.  (more details in Urdu News)— CN report, 27 Jun 2017 

Urdu News اردو خبریں

Simple gut operation ‘cures or controls’ diabetes

British doctors trial simple gut operation that ‘cures or controls’ diabetes

A nurse giving a patient a diabetes test

simple gut operation that sees a plastic film inserted into the stomach could cure or control diabetes, British doctors have found.

Patients taking part in trials at King’s College Hospital and University College Hospital in London and City Hospital in Birmingham found their diabetes had disappeared or become much milder after the operations.

Francesco Rubino, professor of metabolic surgery at King’s, told The Sunday Times: “About 50 per cent of patients are diabetes-free after these procedures.

The increased number of people with diabetes has been linked to rising levels of obesity
The increased number of people with diabetes has been linked to rising levels of obesity CREDIT: ANTHONY DEVLIN/PA WIRE

“The remaining people demonstrate big improvements of blood sugar control and can drastically reduce their dependence on insulin or other medication.

“In many patients, blood sugar levels go back to normal within days, long before declines in fat levels or weight.”

The treatments stem from a new view of the causes of diabetes, a condition in which there is too much glucose in the blood.

Diabetes has previously been blamed on the pancreas not secreting enough insulin, the hormone that controls glucose levels – but Rubino and his colleagues believe the gut is the key player.

Andrea Midmer, 59, a nurse, took part in the trial, in which a plastic liner or “endobarrier” was fitted into her stomach to stop the walls of her upper gut coming into contact with the food she ate.

“The effect was immediate,” said Midmer, who weighed 20 stone and was on insulin when the trial started. I stopped feeling hungry, I ate much smaller meals and I lost 4½ stone.”

Type 2 diabetes, which is often linked to obesity, is one of Britain’s biggest health problems and affects about four million people.

Treatment costs £10 billion a year – about 10 per cent of the NHS budget. That figure is expected to rise to 17 per cent if the numbers suffering from the condition his five million, as is predicted, by 2025.

The increased number of people with the disease has been linked to rising levels of obesity.

Between 1993 and 2010 the proportion of obese people in the UK went from 13 per cent to 26 per cent for men and from 16 per cent to 26 per cent for women.

Source : http://www.telegraph.co.uk

Chitral News Briefs

Mehtar fêtes notables, officials at Iftar: Mehtar Fateh ul Mulk Ali nasir hosted an Iftar party for notables of various sections of society, govt officials and politicians. DC and DPO were amongst the senior officials present .. GH Farooqi, 23 Jun 2017
Plaza construction abreast Shahi Masjid halted: On the directives of the Archaeological department KP, an under construction plaza adjacent to the Shahi Masjid Chitral has be halted by the district administration. The proposed plaza would tarnish the beauty and standing of the historical mosque built in 1924 by the then Mehtar HH Sir Shuja Ul Mulk and stands as an important archaeological asset, the report said. .. CN report, 23 Jun 2017
Sultan Mehmood appointed Gen Secy APML Chitral: According to a notification of APML high command, Sultan Mehmood has been appointed as the Distt Gen Secy. Hailing from Garm Chashma Sultan Mehmood is known as a popular and efficient social and political worker. Benazir Bhutto entrusted him with huge discretionary fund due to his capability. He has served in senior positions in NGOs and has vast interaction with the people. He is also a prolific orator which is an important quality for a politician. Talking to CN he pledged to work honestly for strengthening APML in Chitral .. CN report, 20 Jun 2017
Eid ul Fitr on 26 June: According to the Met department of Pakistan, Eid moon will be clearly visible on 25 June after sunset and Eidul Fitr 2017 is most likely to fall on Sunday 26 June .. CN report, 18 June 2017
Ex DC accused of funds misappropriation: According to a joint audit report of SAFRON and interior ministry of KP, a former DC Chitral Aminul Haq has been accused of misappropriation in hiring/firing of levies personal during his tenure in 2013 causing a loss of 70 million rupees to the exchequer.. CN monitoring, 17 Jun 2017
Bail plea of accused in 21 April incident accepted: Bail plea of 22 persons arrested on 21 April this year on charges of arson after the blasphemy incident in Chitral was accepted by the local court here. .. Muhkamuddin, 16 June 2017
Citizens demand clearance of NBP debris: Citizens have demanded the clearance of National Bank of Pakistan debris located at the Ataliq chowk which was demolished five years ago for construction of the byepass road but the semi demolished structure still remains presenting a very ugly picture .. Muhkamuddin, 15 Jun 2017

Chitrali appointed CEO of a Multinational company: Naveed Zameer Yasir, a chartered Accountant, son of Late Col Lal Zameer of Ashret Chitral has been promoted CEO of a Multinational Finance company (Apex finance company) based in Dubai. .. BH Azad, 06 Jun 2017
Coaster accident on Lowari, ten die, twelve injured: A coaster plying from Rawalpindi to Chitral met an accident at Gujar parhao lowari pass. Ten persons are reported dead and twelve injured as per initial reports. .. CN report, 30 Apr 2017.
Lowari pass road opens: The Lowari pass road was declared open by NHA and the tunnel usage suspended accordingly as as per a notification of the NHA .. CN report, 12 Apr 2017.
Kalash and Sikh to be registered as individual religions : According to a ruling by the Peshawar high court Kalash belief shall be registered as a separate religion in the forthcoming census. Similarly the Sikh faith is also be individually registered. Earlier these two religions were bracketed in the Miscellaneous category. .. CN report, 04 Apr 2017
Large amount of Naswar consumed in Chitral: According to a survey (unofficial) about 300  maunds of Naswar (snuff) is consumed in Chitral town every day. This consumption figure is only second to Dir Bala town where the consumption is 25 percent higher says the source. Many petty naswar sellers from down districts who came to Chitral to do naswar business are now millionaires. Similarly, cigarettes of all brands worth many lac rupees are consumed in Chitral town every day .. CN report, 31 may 2017
Dr Bukhari appointed Director Chitral University: Dr Badshah Munir Bukhari has been appointed director of the newly established Chitral University, according to an official press release. .. CN report, 31 Mar 2017
Lowari pass road opens for small vehicles: Lowari top road has been opened for small vehicles it was unofficially learnt here. Official announcement is yet to be made .. BH Azad, 27 Mar 2017
Sajidullah elected District Bar President: Sajidullah Advocate was elected President District Bar for the year after he beat Niaz A Niazi Advocate by 26 votes to 22. Both the victor and the runner up belong to PML(N)
Similarly Intezar Ali Khan Advocate was elected president of the Booni Bar Association and Imtiaz Jan Advocate was elected president Drosh Bar Association…. CN report, 25 Mar 2017
Bureaucrats promoted/posted in Chitral:
Abdul Akram has been posted as Assistant Commissioner Chitral, while Mazhar Ali Shah has been posted as District Monitoring Officer in IPU Chitral. Both officials have moved on to senior positions from their incumbent slots. . .. CN report, 16 Mar 2017
Golen mini electric power reaches grid station: After a long delay on one pretext or the other, the completed 2 mw pwer station has started to supply power to the judilasht grid station. It is expected that soon the facility would be available to the consumers of Chitral town.-– CN report, 04 Mar 2017

Doing a Good Deed Is Highly Beneficial to Your Health

Have you ever felt a rush after doing a good deed? Ever realized that you were more relaxed after volunteering for a day? Have you ever been motivated to do good after thinking about the last time that you helped someone in need? If you have answered yes to any of these questions, there’s a very good explanation for why – it’s called science. Here are seven scientific facts regarding the benefits of doing a good deed.

1. Doing Good Increases Life Expectancy
Researchers from the University of Buffalo found a link between selfishness and an early death. The findings showed that subjects who help friends and family members (running errands, helping with child care, and so on) reported less stress, and as a result, had a reduced risk of an early death.

2. Doing Good Decreases Stress

According to a study carried out in 2013 that examined the relationship between volunteering and hypertension, giving back can have a significant impact on blood pressure. The researchers found that adults over the age of 50 who volunteered for about four hours a week were 40% less likely than non-volunteers to have developed hypertension four years later.

Another study carried out in 2010 found that the less money people give away the higher their cortisol levels.

3. Doing Good Makes Us Feel Better 
Have you ever experienced a sort of “rush” after carrying out a good deed? If you have, you have experienced what is known as “helper’s high” – produced when your brain releases endorphins, the feel-good chemicals of the brain. When you help someone out, your brain’s pleasure centers light up, releasing endorphins and producing this natural high. Furthermore, doing good has also been known to generate feelings of satisfaction and gratitude.
4. Doing Good Makes Us Happier at Work

A study carried out by the University of Wisconsin-Madison found that altruists in the office are much more likely to be committed to their work and less likely to quit their jobs. The study also concluded that individuals in their mid-30s who rated helping others in their work as important, stated that they were happier with their life when surveyed 3 decades later. Overall, those who help others are happier at work than those who don’t prioritize helping others.

5. Doing Good Promotes Mental Health
The BMC Public Health Journal, after carrying out an extensive review of 40 studies on the effect of volunteering on general health and happiness, has concluded that volunteering is good for mental health. Their review found that – along with improved well-being and life satisfaction – volunteering also decreases depression.

6. Doing Good Leads to Happiness 

According to Sonja Lyubomirsky, Ph.D, a professor of psychology at the University of California, Riverside, those who engage in acts of kindness become happier over time. Lyubomirsky, who has been studying happiness for over 20 years, found that performing just one positive act a week led to an increase in happiness.

Furthermore, Stephen Post, a researcher from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, found that when we help someone out, everything from life satisfaction to self-realization and physical health is significantly improved.

 7. Doing Good Will Motivate You to Do Good Again
A 2012 study published in Psychological Science concluded that thinking about times you have helped others out will make you want to help others again. The research concluded that reflecting on your past good deeds makes you feel selfless and want to help more, as compared to reflecting on times when others have helped you out. In other words, thinking about what you have given to others – and not just what you have received – is the best to way motivate yourself to do more good in future.

Source: www.ba-bamail.com

Presidential system being actively considered?

Presidential system being actively considered?

Chitral — According to senior journalist Sohail Waraich in his recent article, the powers that be are actively considering to change the present parliamentary form of government to a presidential system which is being followed by 90 percent of democratic countries world over.

The golden era of Pakistan was during the presidential system of government from 1958-1969. The economy was at its best , Pakistan was respected world over and institutions were strong.

When came the parliamentary system after the 1971 elections, Pakistan began it’s journey south. There was schmozzle all over, Like too many cooks in the kitchen will ruin the cooking, so did plethora of chief ministers, ministers, pa to minsters, secy to ministers, their secrataries, special assistants and all, set to impede governance instead of helping it. Political blackmailing by regional parties and later by religious parties are all the fruits of parliamentary system. The present state of chaos in the country is a gift of the parliamentary system.

Those who fear a change of system will bring instability are not aware that the presidential system is far more stable than the parliamentary system otherwise 90 percent of the countries would not have adopted it. .. CN report, 2017

Seven questions for Ashraf Ghani

… Raza Muhammad Khan

DURING the so-called ‘Kabul Process’ in June, President Ashraf Ghani deviously inquired ‘what Pakistan wanted from Afghanistan,’ though he knew the answer to this question. Our foreign policy objectives on the issue are unambiguous. A peaceful, prosperous and friendly Afghanistan serves Pakistan’s national interests and for the achievements of these goals, it has paid a cost that’s heavier than the one, born by all the states which form part of the many ‘processes’, on the matter.

Addressing this forum, Ashraf Ghani externalised his government’s failures and habitually blamed others for Afghanistan’s own weaknesses. This event was ostensibly meant to find a political solution to the Afghan war, but Ghani used it to convince (read scare) western countries and other donors why they must continue to support the Unity Government’s (UG) misrule and throw more money into the Afghan sinkhole. Like he did in the ‘Istanbul Process’ in Amritsar in Dec 2016, this time too, Ghani relied on his default mode and thoroughly embarrassed and denounced Pakistan for sponsoring terrorists, while our delegation listened in silence. This was seen on the streets of Pakistan as an insult to our sacrifices.

Using its right to reply, Pakistan could have posed the following seven questions to Mr. Ghani: One; why is he so ungrateful and forgot that Pakistan is sheltering millions of Afghan refugees, for the last many decades, despite its own scanty means? Two; Is the UG not deeply divided; was the absence of the Afghan foreign minister, from the Kabul Process not a clear sign of the growing rifts within the UG and how could any peace or development process succeed in such a state of paralyses? Three; what was the need for initiating a new process when the Istanbul or Heart of Asia Process, was working towards achievement of similar objectives? Four; isn’t the rate of casualties being suffered by the Afghan security forces unsustainable and isn’t ineffective and corrupt Afghan leadership, both civil and military, mainly responsible for Afghanistan’s predicaments, as pointed out by the US Special Inspector General for Afghan Reconstruction (SIGAR), in Apr this year?

Five; has the US not spent over $115 b on Afghan reconstruction, which is the largest expenditure to rebuild a single country in US history, and adjusted for inflation, this spending exceeds the funds committed to the Marshall Plan, that helped 16 West European countries recover after World War II’. Isn’t this effort nose-diving, due to the questionable capabilities of the Afghan security forces and pervasive corruption in Afghanistan, as noted by SIGAR? Six; Do you deny the recent Russian accusation at the UNSC that NATO/ISAF and Afghan forces have not weakened the Taliban but instead created ungoverned areas where IS terrorists have moved from Syria and Iraq , posing threats to Afghanistan’s neighbours ? A final matter of grave concern for the world; why does Afghanistan have the dubious distinction of leading the world in opium production, despite commitment of $8.5 b for anti -narcotics efforts by the US?

The Afghan rulers must respond to these questions, hold itself accountable, be honest with its people and the international community and cooperate with Pakistan to minimize its problems. Unless this is done, deployment of additional US troops, the use of drones or dropping heavier and more lethal bombs, will not recover Afghanistan from the path of failure or break the stalemate with the Taliban. Ghani should also know better that it is due to donor fatigue, mission creep, internal fractures within the UG, the sinister role of India and a few others, that there was hardly any meaningful outcome of the Istanbul Process (since 2011), the Kabul or the countless other ‘processes’.

If Afghanistan continues to live in the past, myopically opposes Pakistani efforts to strengthen and improve its control at its western borders, believes in disinformation of Indian and other intelligence agencies, allows the use of its soil for a proxy war in Pakistan and shies away from a political solution to its conundrum, the writ of its government will surely shrink further, with devastating consequences for the region.

While Ghani conceded on June 06 that the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, (UNAMA) could facilitate ‘a neutral monitoring mechanism’ for the peace talks with the Taliban, ‘verify compliance and resolve disputes’, he wanted this on his own terms and conditions. Instead of threats of reprisals, incentives like releasing key opposition leaders from jails, removing their names from terrorist lists (a`la Hikmatyar’s case ) and giving them the hope of withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan, at an appropriate time, are imperative. Dialogue must not aim at status quo. Change of regime in Afghanistan through credible fresh elections, under the UN and OIC auspices, that includes participation of all elements of the Afghan society, followed by the replacement of US/NATO troops, (a major underlying cause of the insurgency), by UN forces, for some time, may be the only hope for a lasting peace in Afghanistan. Plans must also be drawn for a 50000 strong, rapid response UN contingent under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, to deal with sudden collapse of the Afghan security forces and stability operations. Turkey, being a NATO as well as an OIC member, has the credentials to take the lead role in such an arrangement.

Ghani and all Afghans must remember that Western forces will not stay in their country forever and that a political dispensation that runs contrary to the interests of Pakistan will miscarry. That is a historic reality that Afghanistan and the West can ignore at their own peril. Meanwhile, our foreign policy must shun appeasement, be more assertive, demonstrate greater propensity to defend the Country at deliberations on the Afghan quagmire and, until Afghanistan promises that it won’t play its preposterous blame games anymore, a boycott of such events may suit everyone.
— The writer, retired Lt Gen, is former president of National Defence University, Islamabad.
Email: [email protected]

Source.. Pak Observer

Are NGOs a boon or a bane for development ?

Chitral — Failure of good governance in Pakistan led to the sprouting of foreign funded NGOs in the early 1980s. These NGOs initially selected soft areas like Chitral district and Northern areas to commence their operations. Ever since there is no looking back. NGOs with fancy names (at times difficult to pronounce even their abbreviations) have spread like wild mushrooms across Pakistan targeting mostly backward areas, but now many in the major cities of Pakistan too.

The primary objective of an NGO is to provide welfare service to people in areas where the government has not done much, but have they been successful in doing so is a debatable question. Taking an example of Chitral district which has probably the highest per capita NGO density in the world, but collaterally it also has a similarly high per capita quantum of problems too.

What have the NGOs done in these many decades that they have been functioning compared to the donations made to them by international donors can be debated. According to one dissapointed Chitrali if all the money doled out to the NGOs by international donors since their inception was distributed as cash amongst individual Chitralis, every person would have been a multi millionaire and they could have contributed from this money to get developmental works done and supervised them as they would have personally been involved in such affairs. The present system of working of NGOs through selected committees is not the best system, rather a cause of creation of mafias and sub mafias.

Presently the total incompetence and ineffectiveness of the government makes the NGOs seem a better hope. This phenomenon can be correlated to the mindset of the people in Pakistan who after getting a good thrashing from a certain government (PPP) opt to vote for the PMLN government in next elections and after getting thrashed by them get back to the PPP government, perpetually trying to find which is the lesser evil. This phenomenon is also seen in the correlation between the government and NGOs. Whenever there is a failure somewhere, the government puts the blame on the NGOs and vice versa.

An honorable and self esteemed nation should have an honest, efficient and trustworthy government. If it cannot manage that, then the NGOs that replace it would be no different. — CN Editorial, 14 June 2017

How did Afghanistan look before the wars

In the 60s, this blonde attracted looks in a still very conservative Afghanistan.

In the 60s, this blonde attracted looks in a still very conservative Afghanistan.

But many people also wore nice western clothes in the 60s, too.

But many people also wore nice western clothes in the 60s, too.

Afghanistan had a modern military thanks to reforms by King Amanullah Khan in the 1920s.

A new car drives through a freshly-built mountain tunnel …

… and another stops at a gas station.

... and another stops at a gas station.
Dr. Bill Podlich
Girls and boys in western-style universities and schools were encouraged to talk to each other freely.

Newly-paved streets were flooded with new cars.

There was also a Girl and Boy Scouts of Afghanistan.

The country was undergoing a process of modernization …

… but much of Afghan culture retained its traditional dress and style. Even in Kabul, the bazaars remained the same as they had in earlier decades.

Here’s a more traditional stall …

… and a typical street scene.

Following World War II — which Afghanistan managed to stay out of — the Soviets and Americans competed for rights to build Afghan roadways.

Unlike today, roads in 1960s Afghanistan were well-kept and generally free of wear and tear.

Kids grew up in a safe environment, free of extremist influence, compared to today.

The villages didn’t look too much different back then …

… although new construction was everywhere.

Signs of prosperity dotted the urban landscape, showing off the country’s upper class.

The group of American schools in Afghanistan shows just how stable the country was once considered.

An official vehicle plies the streets.

Fruit markets stayed largely the same and became a staple of Afghan culture.

… as did fabric markets …

… and glassware.

Kabul’s classic architecture was maintained, giving the city a firm aesthetic and sense of identity.

Here’s another example of the city’s distinctive style.

Even so, there was much western influence in the newer homes and businesses.

Crowded lorries and trucks are still a common scene in the country.

A view of the mountains outside of Kabul in winter.

Women weren’t required to wear burqas — Afghanistan wasn’t quite as conservative back then. But some would still cover up by choice.

A traditional-style archway.

Elementary education, even out in the rural areas, was standard.

There was a widespread sense that opportunities hinged on education.

Children would learn in outside classrooms if they had to.

Children would learn in outside classrooms if they had to.
Dr. Bill Podlich
… although new buildings were always under construction.

Nationalism grew, as people identified with Afghanistan rather than with tribes.

There were movie theaters, libraries, chemistry labs, and on the outskirts of Kabul, large factories churning out a variety products.

Some historical buildings were in an excellent state of preservation.

People gathered in the streets for religious or cultural events without fear.

But while urban Afghanistan became modern, rural Afghanistan was still much as it had been decades before.

Afghanistan had a national identity, and a distinct national style, despite all the newfangled ‘western’ influence.

Tradition still reigned.

Yes, both rural and urban, western and south asian, it seemed all of Afghanistan …

… was on the road to prosperity.

The wars were in the future — but they weren’t very far off. When the Soviets invaded less than two decades later, it would hasten Afghanistan’s path towards becoming a very different country.

Eight year old bride dies on wedding night

Is Humanity Completely Dead On Our Planet, This 8-Year-Old Bride Died On Her Wedding Night.

In Yemen an 8 year old child bride, a pretty small girl, died recently on her wedding night from internal hemorrhaging. A man almost five times her age was married to her. Its a very common practice in Yemen to marry child bride‘s to older men.


In 2010, a 12 year old girl died suffering in the labor room trying to give birth to a baby. There have been many more incidents to these types recorded so far as almost a quarter of the female population are married before the age of 15 in Yemen.


At only age of 8, a child bride was married and had internal injuries that bad that she died the very same night she was married.


Its very common practice in Yemen of marring more than a quarter of female population getting married before the age of 15 and that too with older men almost 2 to 3 times of the bride’s age.


These incidents have outraged groups worldwide that are trying and working on to stop this barbaric tradition.


Groups worldwide are working to stop this archaic and lame practice which is completely disgusting, but having difficulties doing it and facing many challenges.The country has almost 80% of population below poverty line and that grips the people for practice of selling their daughters to be married in their childhood itself as it gets them good prices for their children and that’s why they don’t say no to it.

The Humanitarian wants to help the groups fighting against it. So we decided to spread it to more people as much as we can. We want to create awareness.

Source: www.thehumanitarian.in